Widespread Abuse, Neglect and Death in Small Settings Serving People with Intellectual Disabilities - 2013 & 2014
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17 Deaths Raise Questions About Care Of Oklahoma Developmentally Disabled
November 1, 2014
The deaths of 17 developmentally disabled people transferring or already transferred out of two large state-run institutions are raising questions about whether the closing of the centers put residents' health at risk.
The deaths occurred after the state decided in November 2012 to shutter the facilities in Enid and Pauls Valley over the objections of some of the residents' guardians and parents. Almost all of the nearly 230 adult residents were to move to small, privately owned "community homes," where services are offered by various providers.
State Sen. Patrick Anderson, R-Enid, said he wants to know whether the impending closure of the facilities and the residents' transition into community homes contributed to the deaths.
Anderson wrote a letter to Attorney General Scott Pruitt on Oct. 24, one day after the most recent death. He called for a review of the deaths, which occurred in 2013 and 2014. The residents began moving out of the Northern Oklahoma Resource Center of Enid, or NORCE, and the Southern Oklahoma Resource Center in Pauls Valley, or SORC, in March 2013.
Among those who died, seven were living at NORCE, two were living at SORC, and eight had transitioned into community homes.
By comparison, there were seven total deaths at NORCE and SORC in 2012, four in 2011 and one in 2010, at the Enid facility, state officials said. The deaths in 2013 and 2014 occurred as the population of residents and staffing levels were being reduced.
Sex offenders in group homes, July 31, 2014 WHEC News (NBC)
Convicted sex offenders moved quickly into neighborhood group homes. A dozen sex offenders had been staying at the Monroe Developmental Center in Brighton until the state closed it down. News10NBC tracked seven of those sex offenders to two group homes in West Seneca with families living on the same street. News10NBC is learning how many times police have been called to those group homes since the sex offenders moved in. News10NBC discovered since the beginning of the year, police have been called to two group homes dozens of times. On two occasions, the calls were for sex offenders who had gone missing.
(The link to this article is no longer active)
By Alan Judd, Atlanta Journal-Constitution
482 people have been deinstitutionalized since 2010. About three-fourths of the facilities have been cited for violating standards of care or investigated over patient deaths or abuse and neglect reports since 2010. Officials documented 76 reports of physical or psychological abuse, 48 of neglect, and 60 accidental injuries. In 93 other cases, group home residents allegedly assaulted one another, their caregivers or others. Forty people died after moving into group homes. At least 30 of those deaths had not been expected.
Department of Human Services Statement of Deficiencies and Plan of Correction Watertown Police Department Incident Report
May 9, 2014 and June 4, 2014
The Wisconsin Department of Human Services (DHS) rewarded an Intermediate Care Facility $12,000 for each resident moved out of its Intermediate Care Facility to one of its group homes if the resident did not die within the first 6 months of being transferred.
Two residents did die.
Chuck died 3 days after his transfer after falling down the steps while strapped and seated in his wheelchair. The DHS investigated but not fine was issued. Theo only penalty for Chuck’s death was to install a lock. See, https://www.forwardhealth.wi.gov/prod/kw/dqa/CMTX11POCS.PDF.
Another resident died of pneumonia about 2 weeks after being transferred. Because the death was deemed to be of natural causes, DHS did not investigate at all.
Report: Developmentally disabled need better care, April 10, 2014 Georgia Health News
A U.S. Justice Department Settlement Agreement with the State of Georgia calls for the transfer of nearly 1,000 residents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) and the closure of all state-operated ICFs/IID, and the transition of 9,000 individuals with mental illness from facility-based care. Hundreds of individuals have been transferred a result of the October 2010 Settlement Agreement. An independent reviewer now reports that Georgia is failing to provide adequate supervision of individuals with developmental disabilities who are moved from state hospitals to community group homes. The reviewer, in a report dated March 23, says there is an “urgent need to ensure competent and sufficient health practitioner oversight of individuals who are medically fragile and require assistance with most aspects of their daily lives.” The reviewer, Elizabeth Jones, notes in the report that two individuals with developmental disabilities died shortly after being moved from Southwestern State Hospital in Thomasville, which recently closed, to community settings. The report also points out that state officials terminated three providers of services for poor quality of care.
Related Georgia News: In February 2014, the Georgia Department of Behavioral Health & Developmental Disabilities Office of Quality Management released its Annual Quality Management Report finding that, in 2013, there were 82 unexpected deaths, 1,200 hospitalizations, 318 incidents requiring law enforcement services, 305 individuals who were expectantly absent from a community residential or day program, and 210 alleged instances physical abuse of mentally ill and developmentally disabled individuals.
State Fights back against abuse of disabled adults (“Broken Trust” series)
The Tennessean, February 27, 2014
The beating of an intellectually disabled young man by his caretaker, captured in disturbing cellphone video footage obtained by The Tennessean, is a rare occurrence, "something so egregious and so horrendous it bothers every one of us to know it's occurred," the Department of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities' chief attorney said Wednesday. Yet, problems have increased significantly among former residents of Tennessee’s developmental centers.
U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics
U.S. Census Bureau’s Crime Victimization Survey, February 25, 2014 Crime Odds Nearly Triple For Those With Disabilities
The U.S. Census Bureau’s National Crime Victimization Survey found that there were 1.3 million nonfatal violent crimes against persons with disabilities in 2012, up from the roughly 1.1 million estimated for 2011, reported the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics. The Survey asks about experiences with crime — whether reported or unreported to police — among those age 12 and older living in the community.
Individuals with disabilities encountered violent crime at nearly three times the rate of those in the general population, the report found. Simple assaults were the most commonly cited crime against this group followed by robbery, aggravated assault and rape or sexual assault.
Those with cognitive disabilities had the highest rate of victimization and about half of violent crime victims with disabilities had multiple conditions, the Bureau of Justice Statistics said.
When people with intellectual disabilities leave facilities, results can fall short (“Broken Trust” series)
The Tennessean, February 10, 2014
An audit by the state comptroller last fall, and a federal court monitor’s report tracking former residents of three of the state’s institutions, found that troubling problems trail many of the state’s formerly institutionalized residents. While the state saves millions of dollars each year by serving people outside institutions, officials at private agencies concede that a lack of adequate state funding has at times hampered their efforts to help people achieve the best quality of life. Identified problems include 257 reported allegations of abuse, neglect and exploitation; isolation; delays in doctor-recommended treatments in some cases and “numerous instances” of inadequate dental care; and a dramatic increase in deaths after people leave institutions (deaths among people with intellectual disabilities transferred from institutions nearly doubled between 2009 and 2013, from 19 to 34); incarceration; and missing former residents.
Georgia Department of Behavioral Health & Developmental Disabilities, February 2014 Annual Quality Management Report for January 2013 – December 2013
Outcomes due to Settlement implementation, which requires the downsizing and closure of facilities for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and mental illness, are troubling. According to the Georgia Department of Behavioral Health & Developmental Disabilities’ "Annual Quality Management Report," January 2013 - December 2013, there have been 1,200 hospitalizations of individuals (mental health and developmental disabilities) residing in community residential programs; 344 individuals requiring treatment beyond first aid; 318 incidents requiring law enforcement services; 305 individuals who were expectantly absent from a community residential or day program; and 210 alleged physical abuse of an individual. A total of 82 unexpected deaths of individuals with mental illness and developmental disabilities were reviewed during 2013.
Reader’s Digest, February 2014 (reprinted from Mother Jones, May/June 2013) Schizophrenic. Killer. My Cousin.
It's insanity to kill your father with a kitchen knife. It's also insanity to close hospitals, fire therapists, and leave families to face mental illness on their own. "You can call the police," the deputy director of Sonoma County's National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), David France, said when I asked him what options are available to a parent whose adult child appears to be having a mental breakdown. "The police can activate resources," like an emergency psych bed in a regular hospital, or transport and admission to a psychiatric hospital in a county that, unlike Sonoma, has one. But only if the police decide your child is a danger to himself or others can they arrest him with the right to hold him for three days—what in California is called a 5150, after the relevant section of state law. Otherwise you can be turned away for lack of space even if your loved one is willing to be admitted, or be left no good options if they're not. Ninety-two percent of the patients in California's state psych hospitals got there via the criminal-justice system. Timeline: Deinstitutionalization And Its Consequences: How deinstitutionalization moved thousands of mentally ill people out of hospitals - and into jails and prisons. Map: Which States Have Cut Treatment For the Mentally Ill the Most?
Police: Embezzlement from disabled went on for years
The Press Democrat, February 22, 2014
For at least seven years, embezzlement suspect Larry Gene Sark forged signatures onto the backs of thousands of checks made out to developmentally disabled clients of the North Bay Regional Center, a case management agency which arrange for community-based services for people with developmental disabilities. He then deposited them (totaling more than $400,000) into his personal bank account, according to a Santa Rosa police investigation. The money was taken from 51 Sonoma County residents.
Parent Hospital Association / Sonoma Developmental Center, More Information Needed on Level of Abuse and Neglect at Community Homes February 20, 2014
Concern is growing among family members and advocates that the safety of those developmentally disabled folks still resident in California's state-run developmental centers is threatened -- not because of conditions at the centers but by the prospect losing the centers' protections when residents are moved into the community.
L.A. Suit Accuses Unlicensed Care Facilities of Abuse
Los Angeles Times, February 18, 2014
Los Angeles City Atty. Mike Feuer has filed a lawsuit against the two unlicensed assisted-care facilities and their owners, a pastor and his wife, for allegedly abusing their physically and mentally disabled residents by forcing them to live in "deplorable, overcrowded and substandard living conditions" and taking the residents' government benefits." Among the allegations are: Swarms of flies filled the living areas. Broken furniture was scattered, bedroom doors were missing and plaster was falling off the walls, according to court documents.
Some residents slept in bunk beds crowded into small rooms with 1-inch pads instead of mattresses. One resident lived in a "storage room" and others in an attic.